Tag Archives: death
With Friends Like These . . . Job’s Friends and Religious Foolishness (√XVII. Job’s Response to Bildad – Chs. 26-27)
XVII. Job’s Response to Bildad – Ch. 26)
With Friends Like These . . . Job’s Friends and Religious Foolishness (√XVI. The Badgering of Bildad Round Three – Ch. 25)
What has Bildad said to Job in his first two rounds? He claimed to know why Job’s children were crushed to death (they had sinned). He challenges Job to seek God and repent and promises that restoration will then come to Job. Arguing from the aged, Bildad says that former generations would agree with him that Job might well perish with the godless. God, of course, does not reject the blameless.
In his second round, Bildad goes to great length to describe the fate of the wicked man. He concludes by saying, “Surely such is the dwelling of the one who does not know God.” In effect, he is challenging Job’s relationship with God.
XVI. The Badgering of Bildad Round Three – (Ch. 25)
Bildad jumps in with his third round of rebuking Job. He begins with his doctrine of God (that dominion and awe belong to God and that His forces cannot be numbered) (vv. 2-3). This brings Bildad to the point which is obvious to him: “How then can a mortal be righteous before God?” (v. 4). This is almost exactly the same message that Eliphaz says he got from a vision in the night (“Can a mortal be more righteous than God?”, 4:17).
In a unique application of the greater to the lesser argument, Bildad says that only God is pure. Man is but a maggot! This “worm theology,” which was popular during the Reformation among some of its leaders, especially Luther, argues for the greatness of God and the puniness of man.
One contemporary writer says, “Many people have suffered spiritual abuse at the hands of what is sometimes called ‘worm theology.’ In this theology, God’s holiness is set against our sinfulness to such a degree that the only appropriate response seems to be self-loathing. The name may come from a line in the Issac Watts hymn ‘Alas! and Did My Savior Bleed,’ which says ‘Would he devote that sacred head for such a worm as I?’ The idea seems to be that only by abasing ourselves are we able to grasp and receive God’s mercy. Churches taken with this view think it their job to induce guilt and shame, working people up into a state of such remorse and self-revulsion that they are compelled to repent and seek God’s mercy.” https://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2010/aprilweb-only/23-51.0.html
How will Job respond to Bildad’s worm theology?
With Friends Like These . . . Job’s Friends and Religious Foolishness (√XV. Job’s Response to Eliphaz Round Three – Chs. 23-24)
Job has endured two rounds of lectures from Eliphaz. He now responds to the final third round in chapters 23-24. Eliphaz has become quite specific in detailing Job’s social sins (sending widows away empty-handed, stripping people of their clothing, etc.). There is no evidence whatsoever in the book of Job’s committing such egregious acts!
Eliphaz challenged Job to no longer tread the old path of the wicked, but to submit to the Lord and prosperity will be restored to him. Job needs to make the Lord his choicest gold and silver!
XV. Job’s Response to Eliphaz Round Three – (Ch. 23)
Job’s response to Eliphaz’s round three is to reiterate his plea to appear before the Lord. He wants to “state his case” before the Lord, confident that the Lord “would not press charges against me” (vv. 4-6).
Job’s complaint, however, is that He can’t find the Lord, whether he looks north, south, east, or west (vv. 8-9).
In light of all his pain Job could declare, “when he has tested me, I will come forth as gold.” (v. 10). He declares that he has kept God’s way without turning aside, that he has not departed from the commands of his lips, and that he “treasured the words of his mouth more than my daily bread” (vv. 11-12).
However, God does what He pleases and this terrifies Job (vv. 13-15). But such fear does not silence Job in his protest (v. 17).
XII. Job’s Response to Eliphaz Round Three – (Ch. 24)
Job then launches into a diatribe against the unfairness of life. The offenses range from moving boundary stones, to pasturing stolen fields, to pushing the needy off the path, to forcing the poor into hiding (vv. 2-4). These are the evil acts of wicked men who are not judged by God in this life.
Then there are the cruelties of God’s creation: the wasteland failing to provide food for the poor (v. 5), the poor lacking clothes and having to spend the night naked (v. 7), the fatherless child is snatched from the breast (v. 9), the groans of the dying rise from the city, and the souls of the wounded cry out for help (v. 12). And Job’s conclusion? “But God charges no one with wrongdoing.” (v. 12).
Specific criminals are singled out by Job: the murderer who kills the poor and needy, (v. 14), the adulterer who thinks no one sees his sin (v. 15), thieves who break into houses (v. 16). All of these rebel against the light and “make friends with the terrors of darkness” (v. 17).
But there will be judgment for the wicked. “The womb forgets them, the worm feasts on them” (v. 20). God will drag away the mighty by His power; “his eyes are on their ways” (v. 23). And who, Job asks, can prove me wrong?
With Friends Like These . . . Job’s Friends and Religious Foolishness (√XIII. Job Responds to Zophar Round Two – Ch. 21)
The friends have spoken in detail of the judgment of the wicked. They imply that the wicked will suffer judgment in this life! Zophar specifically has declared that the mirth of the wicked is brief and they will perish like their own excrement. His social sins against the poor will have to be remedied by his children. The wicked man awaits the day of God’s wrath.
Why have they spent so many words describing in detail the judgment of the wicked? Because Job’s life looks exactly like the judgment of God! However, their equation doesn’t fit the facts. Wicked people live prosperously and godly people suffer terribly! There is no quid pro quo in this life! Their math simply does not add up. EVIL PERSON + GOD’S JUDGMENT = TERRIBLE SUFFERING IN THIS LIFE! Their theological formula cannot be proven.
XIII. Job’s Response to Zophar Round Two – (Ch. 21)
Job asks Zophar to listen carefully to Job’s words — and then he can “mock on” (v. 3). He asks a simple question, “Why do the wicked live on, growing old and increasing in power?” (v. 7) Their prosperity is evident. “They spend their years in prosperity and go down to the grave in peace” (v. 13). Job asks, “How often is the lamp of the wicked snuffed out?” (v. 17).
And they also mock God by saying to Him, ‘Leave us alone! We have no desire to know your ways. Who is the Almighty, that we should serve Him?” (vv. 14-15).
The truth is, Job says, that both the wicked and the godly often die the same.
“One person dies in full vigor,
completely secure and at ease,
24 well nourished in body,
bones rich with marrow.
25 Another dies in bitterness of soul,
never having enjoyed anything good.
26 Side by side they lie in the dust,
and worms cover them both.” (vv. 23-26).
The problem you friends have, Job says, is that you need to get out more! If you did, you would see that “the wicked are spared from the day of calamity . . .. they are delivered from the day of wrath” (v. 30). So, Job says, your nonsense doesn’t console me. “Nothing is left of your answers but falsehood!” (v. 34).
With Friends Like These . . . Job’s Friends and Religious Foolishness (√XII. The Zingers of Zophar Round Two – Ch. 20)
In the wings waits Zophar, the one who in round one (11:2) said that Job’s mockery needs to be rebuked and that, in reality, God has even forgotten some of Job’s sin! Because God’s mysteries are beyond finding out, Job should simply bow before the Lord. Zophar promises Job that if he devotes his heart to the Lord and puts away the sin that is in his heart, his life will be brighter than the noonday. But don’t be like the wicked, Zophar says, for their hope will be a dying gasp. What will Zophar add to his first lecture?
XII. The Zingers of Zophar Round Two – (Ch. 20)
Zophar declares that the mirth of the wicked is brief (v. 5). But he will perish forever, “like his own dung” (v. 7). He will die and be forgotten. His children will have to make amends to the poor (v. 10). The evil that he has hidden will become soured food in his stomach, “a venom of serpents” (v. 14). God will make him vomit up the riches he swallowed (v. 15).
Because the wicked person has oppressed the poor, this man cannot save himself by his treasure (vv. 19-20). God will vent his anger against this man, piercing him with a bronze-tipped arrow into his liver. [Sounds like some of Job’s previously given description of the Lord as an archer whose arrows pierce Job’s kidneys and spill his gall on the ground (16:13)]. The heavens will reveal his guilt; a flood will carry off his house. The day of God’s wrath will come upon him. “Such is the fate God allots the wicked, the heritage appointed for them by God.” (v. 29).
It is obvious that Zophar is treating Job as one who is wicked, whose sins against the poor provided him his wealth, who is soon to experience the wrath of God. The issue of Job’s guilt or innocence is not a matter of debate. It is a settled conclusion in Zophar’s mind. Unlike Eliphaz and Bildad, Zophar does not step into the ring for a third round with Job. These are the last words Zophar speaks to his friend.
With Friends Like These . . . Job’s Friends and Religious Foolishness (√XI. Job’s Response to Bildad – Round Two -Ch. 19)
Bildad believes that Job is perverting justice. He says Job’s children sinned against God and were judged for doing so. Can there be a greater criticism than one’s salvation being questioned? And both Eliphaz and Bildad have used a great many words to describe the judgment of God against the wicked. In this most recent attack, Bildad leaves no doubt that Job should question whether he really knows the Lord.
XI. Job’s Response to Bildad Round Two- (Ch. 19)
Job confronts Bildad and his friends by asking “how long will you torment me and crush me with words?” (v. 2) He counts that they have reproached him ten times and that God “has wronged me and drawn his net around me” (v. 6).
He has received no response from the Lord, no help, no justice (v. 7). Job has been stripped of his honor and his hope has been uprooted like a tree (vv. 9-10). It is obvious to Job that God’s anger burns against him and that He “counts me among his enemies” (v. 11).
How has Job suffered? His own family (what is left of it) has been alienated from him, his closest friends have forgotten him, and even his female servants look on him as a stranger (vv. 13-15). His servants no longer obey him and even his breath is offensive to his wife! (v. 17). He is the ridicule of little boys. “Those I love have turned against me” (v. 19). Physically he describes himself as “nothing but skin and bones”, having escaped only “by the skin of my teeth” (v. 20).
He then pleads with his friends to have pity on him, “for the hand of God has struck me” (vv. 21-22). Job wants his words engraved in rock forever (v. 24).
We then get another marvelous passage in the midst of Job’s laments. He says, “I know that my redeemer lives, and that in the end he will stand on the earth. And after my skin has been destroyed, yet in my flesh I will see God; I myself will see him with my own eyes — I, and not another. How my heart yearns within me!” (vv. 25-27). Is Job prophesying about the Lord Jesus?
At the very least, he is saying that he will exist past physical death and will see God. Perhaps here we have a hint of a physical resurrection and even resurrection bodies.
In characterizing the unhelpful counsel of his friends, Job suggests that they are looking for new ways to “hound” him (v. 28). For they believe, Job says, that “the root of the trouble lies in him.” (v. 28). But this is not the case, based on how the book affirms the godliness of Job’s life in chapter one and the story behind Job’s trials in chapters one and two. Job is not above warning his counselors of the coming judgment (v. 29).
We next examine Round Two from Zophar.