In his manipulative paranoia, Saul wants David dead. So he learns that his daughter Michal is in love with David and he promises her to David. Saul’s motive was simple: “so she may be a snare to him and so that the hand of the Philistines may be against him” (v. 21).
This provides a second opportunity for David to become Saul’s son-in-law. Saul uses his attendants to try to persuade David to agree to this marriage, and David humbly replies, “Do you think it is a small matter to become the king’s son-in-law? I’m only a poor man and little known” (v. 23).
Saul offers David his daughter. The only bride price that he wants in return is 100 Philistine foreskins. Saul’s plan was to have David be killed by the Philistines [this will be plan “B” for David’s getting rid of Uriah later in 2 Samuel].
David takes his men, goes out, and brings back two hundred Philistine foreskins! And they counted out the full number before Saul (v. 27). Gross.
Saul gives his daughter Michal to David, realizing “that the Lord was with David and that his daughter Michal loved David” (v. 28). This entire episode furthered Saul’s fear of David, causing him to remain David’s enemy the rest of his days (v. 29).
David’s fame grew as he had more success over the Philistine warriors than the rest of Saul’s officers. And David’s name became well known (v. 30).
Some takeaways for me:
1. The Bible is realistic. It does not sugarcoat realities such as war in all its grossness.
2. God sees our motives and looks at our hearts. Saul’s jealousy and hatred cause him to manipulate his own daughter’s love for David. We dare not underestimate our talent for pursuing our wicked agendas.
3. David’s humility is refreshing. How does he lose that godly view of himself when he becomes king? What was the process?
4. Having the Lord “with” us does not mean that we won’t have enemies or face opposition.